Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition characterized by irregular cycles, unwanted hair growth and hormonal abnormalities. PCOS can also make it harder to conceive since it directly affects the ovaries and ovulation. PCOS causes many fluid-filled cysts to form in the ovaries. Although these cysts all contain immature eggs, the eggs are unable to mature in order to trigger ovulation. A lack of ovulation then triggers hormonal changes, specifically lowering progesterone and raising androgens. While doctors don’t know the exact cause of PCOS, it is believed that genes, insulin resistance, and inflammation may all play a role.
Did You Know?
Polycystic ovary syndrome is one of the leading causes of infertility. However, this does not automatically mean that you cannot have children if you have PCOS. Many women with PCOS have been successful at conception and pregnancy.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Do I have PCOS?
While PCOS can be diagnosed by your gynecologist, you may be affected by PCOS if you experience any of the following:
- Irregular periods
- Heavy bleeding during periods
- Hair growth on the face, back, belly, and chest
- Weight gain
- Darkened skin in neck and groin creases, as well as under the breasts
To be evaluated for PCOS, schedule an appointment with Bucks County Women’s Wellness today.
How do gynecologists at Bucks County Women’s Wellness diagnose PCOS?
At Bucks County Women’s Wellness, our gynecologists will first ask you about your symptoms, such as irregular and heavy periods, acne, hair growth, dark skin, and weight gain. A pelvic exam will then be performed to determine if there are any growths in your uterus or ovaries. An ultrasound may also be ordered to look for follicles or other abnormalities. Finally, a blood test is usually taken to check your hormone levels. Since PCOS is characterized by three main symptoms (high androgen levels, irregular periods, and ovarian cysts) at least two of these three symptoms must be present to make an accurate diagnosis.
How do gynecologists at Bucks County Women’s Wellness treat PCOS?
At Bucks County Women’s Wellness, we offer a variety of treatments to treat PCOS. Your exact treatment will depend on a number of factors, however here are some common treatments for PCOS:
- Lifestyle changes like weight loss, diet, and exercise
- Birth control
- Medications for insulin resistance
- Fertility treatments